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[FYI] U.S.: "THE CHALLENGE OF UNLAWFUL CONDUCT INVOLVING THE USE OF THE INTERNET"



http://www.usdoj.gov/criminal/cybercrime/unlawful.htm

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THE ELECTRONIC FRONTIER: THE CHALLENGE OF UNLAWFUL CONDUCT INVOLVING 
THE USE OF THE INTERNET  

A Report of the Presidentís Working Group on Unlawful Conduct on the 
Internet March 2000  


       
                            TABLE OF CONTENTS
       

     EXECUTIVE SUMMARY v 

     I. INTRODUCTION 1 

         A. Executive Order 13,133 2 
         B. The Working Group on Unlawful Conduct on the Internet 3 
         C. Summary of Strategy 4 

     II.        POLICY FRAMEWORK AND LEGAL ANALYSIS 5 

         A. Understanding the Nature of Unlawful Conduct Involving 
              Computers 7 

             1. Computers as Targets 7 
             2. Computers as Storage Devices 9 
             3. Computers as Communications Tools 9 

         B. A Framework for Evaluating Unlawful Conduct on the
            Internet 11 

             1. Online-Offline Consistency 11 
             2. Appropriate Investigatory Tools 11 
             3. Technology-Neutrality 13 
             4. Consideration of Other Societal Interests 13 

         C. Promoting Private Sector Leadership 14 

         D. Sufficiency of Existing Federal Laws 17 

             1. Analysis of Substantive Laws 17 
             2. New Investigatory Challenges 19 

     III.      LAW ENFORCEMENT NEEDS AND CHALLENGES 25 

         A. Protecting Computers and Networks 25 

         B. Federal Tools and Capabilities 26 

             1. Personnel, Equipment, and Training 26 
             2. Locating and Identifying Cybercriminals 29 
             3. Collecting Evidence 33 
       
         C. State and Local Tools and Capabilities 34 

             1. Jurisdiction 34 
             2. Interstate and Federal-State Cooperation 35 
             3. Resources 36 

         D. Legal Authorities: Gaps in Domestic Laws 36 

             1. Pen Register and Trap and Trace Statute 37 
             2. Computer Fraud and Abuse Act 37 
             3. Privacy Protection Act 38 
             4. Electronic Communications Privacy Act 39 
             5. Telephone Harassment 40 
             6. Cable Communications Policy Act 40 

         E. Challenges for International Cooperation 41 

             1. Substantive International Criminal Law 41 
             2. Multilateral Efforts 42 
             3. Continuing Need for International Cooperation 42 

     IV.       THE ROLE OF PUBLIC EDUCATION AND EMPOWERMENT 43 

          A. Educating and Empowering Parents, Teachers, and 
               Children 43 

             1. Technological Tools 44 
             2. Non-technological Tools 46 

          B. Educating and Empowering Consumers 50 

             1. FTC Initiatives: Using Technology to Educate
                Consumers 51 
             2. Department of Commerce Initiatives 55 
             3. FDAís Outreach Campaign 55 
             4. SECís Investor Education Efforts 56 
             5. CPSCís Consumer Outreach Efforts 56 

          C. Developing Cybercitizens 57 

     V.        CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 58 
       

      APPENDICES 
       
      A EXECUTIVE ORDER 13,133 
      B INTERNET FRAUD 
      C ONLINE CHILD PORNOGRAPHY 
      D INTERNET SALE OF PRESCRIPTION DRUGS AND CONTROLLED 
       SUBSTANCES 
      E INTERNET SALE OF FIREARMS 
      F INTERNET GAMBLING 
      G INTERNET SALE OF ALCOHOL 
      H ONLINE SECURITIES FRAUD 
      I SOFTWARE PIRACY AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY THEFT 
      J MULTILATERAL EFFORTS 

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