Förderverein Informationstechnik und Gesellschaft
[Waehrend Lawrence Lessig mit "Code is Law" noch die differenzierte akademische Analyse eines bestimmten Phaenomenes in der Grauzone von Technik und Recht leistete, so draengen jetzt die eher hemdsaermeligen Typen nach und wollen Fakten schaffen. Bill Thompson ist uebrigens kein Gruftie, der das Internet nicht kapiert hat - er gehoert aber wohl zu der aufstrebenden Gruppe von noch nicht so alten Leuten in den angelsaechsischen Laendern, die ein ganz ausdrueckliches Faible fuer autoritaere Staatsdtrukturen haben und das auch offensiv vertreten.
How to control what is online
Giving governments control of the net is the worst possible idea, says technology analyst Bill Thompson, apart from all the other ideas which are worse.
Brighton teacher Jane Longhurst was brutally murdered by someone whose fantasies of killing were nurtured, if not engendered, by the pornographic images he found so easily on the web.
Malcolm Sentence, her partner, spoke for many when he said: "Jane would still be here if it wasn't for the internet."
The case has generated a lot of discussion over the question of whether - and how - we should be controlling what people can see online, especially when it comes from sites in other countries.
The other approach, and it is one I favour - especially as the parent of two children who both use the net a lot - is to throw away today's network and build a new one, one which can be properly regulated.
It will be a network on which freedom of speech is guaranteed by law, not simply allowed because of technical decisions on network architecture made 30 years ago by a bunch of academic computer scientists.
We must never forget that the nature of the internet is not fixed: we created this network and we can change it.
There is nothing essential about any aspect of the net, nothing that cannot be replaced, rejigged or removed.
If we don't like the fact that the net allows traffic to cross national borders without any controls, then we can build a new network that does allow monitoring.
If we don't like the fact that e-mail headers can be forged, making untraceable spam possible, then we can build a mail system that forces authentication.
We tend to lose sight of this, partly because the prospect of changing a system used by seven or eight hundred million people around the world seems so daunting.
But in fact we are already changing the way we use the net, every day.
The latest version of the TCP/IP protocol that underpins the net, IP version 6, is already around and being slowly rolled out by ISPs.
Eventually users will be asked to upgrade their local computers, and features like secure e-mail will become possible.
We just need to decide that this is a priority, and start working towards it.
One part of the problem is that the net's standards are controlled by bodies like Icann and the Web Consortium whose primary interest is technical stability and corporate interests.
They deny that they are "political" organisations, where political is used in a derogatory sense rather than meaning "acting in the public interest".
Before we can change the net, and make it more able to reflect the real public interest, taking it under democratic control, we must remove it from the hands of these groups, whose time, like that of the elves in Middle-Earth, is over.
Of course, one consequence of giving control of the net to governments is that some governments are bad, prying on their citizens, denying human rights and reneging on international obligations.
But not everywhere is the United States or China, and I would rather see the network in the hands of governments who can be lobbied, replaced and argued with, than leave it in the hands of the large corporations who develop the programs or standards bodies who are blind to people's real interests.
As a culture we have decided that some sorts of imagery are unacceptable, and that line is now drawn at a point that I and many others feel happy with.
We allow images of consensual sex in our cinemas, but not images of bestiality or child abuse. Why should the net be any different? And if that means changing the way the net works, let's get started.
Bill Thompson is a regular commentator on the BBC World Service programme Go Digital. Story from BBC NEWS: http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/technology/3465383.stm
Published: 2004/02/06 12:35:56 GMT
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